Student Living Advice & Info
Thu, 23 Sep 2010 17:30:31 +0000
On Becoming a Translator
Sat, 17 Jul 2010 17:38:10 +0000
Translation isn’t as simple as it may seem on the surface. A person who is fluent in two languages isn’t qualified to be a translator just because he is bilingual. Translating is much more than just translating words – it involves the transfer of meaning from the source text to its equivalent in the target language. Different types of text may require different approaches but generally a quality translation will accurately depict the source content while not appearing to be a translation. A literal or near-literal translation will have the “feel” of having been translated or at least written by someone without a firm grasp of the language. The translator has to consider many things such as the total context of the material, ambiguity, cultural influences, multiple meanings of a single word, and a proper rendering of idioms.
So what type of person becomes a translator? Other than being bilingual, a good candidate is someone with excellent comprehension skills, is intelligent, analytical and has the ability to combine many ideas into a complex whole. He has an extensive multilingual vocabulary and can express himself clearly and concisely in his languages. A translator is a writer who enjoys reading and learning as well as translating.
A translator also needs to be able to remain neutral. One cannot add or take away anything from a text because he doesn’t agree with or believe in something. His job is to accurately render the source text into the target language. This is one of the many things students of translatology (translation studies) are taught. Oftentimes it’s not just a matter of intentionally altering material that the translator finds objectionable. It can be much subtler. A translator may not even be aware that their bias is influencing their work.
Someone who is interested in a career in translation will want to pursue certain training, certifications, memberships, and develop various relevant skills and knowledge. There are many self-study translation workbooks and certificate programs available for those who will pursue a degree in whichever field they hope to have an expertise in.
Translators spend time reading books on linguistics, language, and translation studies. This writer’s wife has even been known to read dictionaries. Other disciplines should not be ignored though. A potential translator should develop a few areas of expertise. One should read books about the sciences, business, law, etc. Trying to translate something one doesn’t understand will not work out very well. Just knowing a second language doesn’t mean one is qualified to translate.
Many countries in the world have a well established route one would take to becoming a translator. Some countries require certification or licensure and are home to many universities with quality programs in translatology. However, in other countries such as the United States, there is no prescribed path to take to become a translator. No certifications or licenses are required and a degree is not necessary (although it is extremely helpful). More and more translation classes, certificate programs, and even undergraduate and graduate degrees are starting to appear across the United States. However, there are still only a handful of universities offering degrees in translation studies.
Chiropractors Recommend Omega-3 Fats for Pain Relief
Wed, 21 Apr 2010 17:38:08 +0000
More and more MN chiropractors are using omega-3 fats as part of their pain management strategy.
Of the approximately 2650 licensed chiropractors in MN, most graduate from Northwestern Health Sciences University (NWHSU) where they receive extensive training in clinical nutrition. NWHSU graduates have completed over 210 hours of course work in biochemistry and clinical nutrition, giving them a solid understanding of how to use nutritional supplementation to treat health problems including inflammation and pain.
Many MN chiropractors also expand their knowledge of clinical nutrition in post graduate courses and receive a variety of post-graduate certifications that attest to their proficiency and knowledge.
Since acute and/or chronic pain is a major issue for which patients see chiropractors, MN chiropractors employ a variety of treatment strategies to help patients relieve pain. These strategies do not utilize pharmaceutical drugs since the prescription of drugs is not within the licensed MN chiropractor’s scope of practice.
One nutritional strategy employed by many MN chiropractors is prescription of pharmaceutical grade omega-3 containing fish oil.
Pharmaceutical grade omega-3 is available to doctors of chiropractic through a number of companies which sell exclusively to health practitioners and not to the public directly. One such company is Nutrition Dynamics located in Maple Plain, MN. Another is Orthomolecular Products out of Stevens Point, WI. Only health professionals (chiropractors, nurses, medical doctors, naturopathic doctors) can buy directly from these companies.
Using omega-3 fish oils for relief of inflammation is based on research that shows that the people of Minnesota are severely deficient in omega-3 fats. Omega-3 fats are “essential” to the body, meaning that our body is unable to manufacture them on its own. Replenishing them can be done by consuming fish, but when acute or chronic pain is an issue, this is done more effectively and quickly through nutritional supplementation. That omega-3 fats from fish oil could help relieve pain may seem to be an illogical claim unless you understand the relationship between certain fats, hormones and inflammation.
If you hated chemistry in school, bear with me for just a few small paragraphs.
There are two types of fat that we must have in our diet…that our body cannot produce on its own. These are the Omega 3 and Omega 6 fats. Our ancestors ate much, much more Omega 3 fat than we do today. We used to eat about equal amounts of the two types of fat. Americans now we eat ten to twenty times more Omega 6 fats than we do Omega 3 fats. The reason that this is important is that our body’s chemical balance shifts in a very critical way when we eat so much Omega-6 fat.
One hormone you should know the name of — prostaglandin
One of the things that the body uses the Omega-3 and Omega-6 fats for is to make hormones. These hormones are called prostaglandins. Prostaglandins are involved in many key chemical balances throughout the entire body. For many years it was not understood how aspirin worked. Then someone was given the Noble Prize for figuring out that aspirin inhibited the production of some of the prostaglandins.
Prostaglandins are important because they are strong chemical messengers in our bodies. The ones that come from the Omega 6 line start and maintain inflammation. They are like matches that set fires. Inflammation is the a fire. Prostaglandins produced from Omega 3 fats do roughly the opposite to what the Omega-6 fats do. They put out fires. They resolve inflammation.
Omega-3 fats help your body put out fires (inflammation)
When you eat more Omega 3 fats, your body will manufacture more of the prostaglandins that fight inflammation. This translates to pain relief. This is true for pain of all types whether from osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and fibromyalgia. The Omega-3 fats impact all inflammatory processes in the body.
The other side of the coin is eating less Omega 6 fats which are found in most vegetable oils (not olive oil which I recommend highly). Meat and dairy products, contain an Omega-6 called arachidonic acid which fuels the production prostaglandins which promote inflammation in the body.
It is common for people on the Atkins diet (which promotes eating more meat and dairy products) to report more pain. On the other hand, a vegetarian diet has been shown to be helpful for people suffering from rheumatoid arthritis.
Seafood is a good source of Omega-3 fats. But not all fish are equal. Cold water fish in particular, like salmon and mackerel have a lot of Omega-3 fat. To really get results in alleviating chronic pain, you’ll want to take a fish oil supplement. It’s hard to eat enough fish to get the amount of Omega-3 fat you need to relieve inflammation and pain. Eating too much fish is also not advisable because of the pollutants (from the ocean) that our in our fish today.
When you look for a fish oil supplement make sure that the manufacturer has cleaned the oil of contaminants and pollutants. It will usually say that it has been cleaned on the bottle-because it is a benefit and the manufacturer wants you to know it. If it is not mentioned you can assume that the fish oil has not been cleaned.
You’ll know that your fish oil has been cleaned of pollutants if it is referred to as “pharmaceutical grade” fish oil. Or the manufacturer may refer the cleaning process “molecular distillation”.
MN chiropractors are a good source of high quality, pharmaceutical grade fish oil.
MN chiropractors have access to many national companies that produce pharmaceutical grade fish oil. But why not buy local to support our local economy? Two Midwestern nutritional companies that provide top quality pharmaceutical grade fish oil are Nutrition Dynamics and Orthomolecular Products. You can find their products in most MN chiropractor offices.
Find a MN chiropractor today.
For a listing of licensed MN chiropractors you can google “MN chiropractors” or visit the website of the Minnesota Board of Chiropractic Examiners.
Hot IT Certifications
Sun, 14 Mar 2010 17:38:06 +0000
In the fast pace of IT world nowadays, it is getting challenging day by day even for Graduate and Master Degree holders in IT, to maintain a prominent position as compared to their peers. What is needed nowadays is a fast pace certification program that can be completed speedily and is focused and specialized for a specific position or expertise.
IT Certifications offered by various prominent vendors is one such solution. Big IT Companies like Microsoft, Cisco, Sun Microsystems, Adobe, Red Hat and may others offer a wide range of certifications which are highly reputed in the IT industry and they not only equip you with right skills but they can be studied at your own convenience i.e. it is not required to go to any campus for formal study, many CBTs (Computer Based Trainings) are available to help you learn the concepts for these courses. And also they do not require any specific study duration i.e. semester etc. You can study at your will and when you feel that you have got enough knowledge you can then take exams. So these IT certifications actually remove the problems involved in various formal Graduate and Master Degree programs. Below I will try to highlight major IT vendors who are providing various IT certifications, then I will list resources for preparation and then I will mention the procedure to take the exams, so hang on with me
Major IT Certification Providers:
Following are major companies that provide IT certifications, you can check out their home pages for detailed information about various IT certifications and their syllabus etc.
Important Microsoft Certifications: MCSE,MCSD,MCDBA,MCSD.NET etc.
Important Cisco Certifications: CCNA,CCIP,CCNP,CCIE etc.
Important Comptia Certifications: A+,Network+,Security+ etc.
Important Sun Microsystems Certifications: SCJP,SCSA security etc.
Preparation and Resources: To prepare for these certifications numerous companies prepare Study guides, Practice exams, CBTs, Preparation labs. You should join some Certification Forums and ask for user opinion about each Certification Training providers reputation and salary ranges etc.
Taking the exams: Taking the exams is also very easy , one major authority is Prometric , when you feel that you are prepared to take the examination just go to Prometric Home Page and find the schedule and fees for the desired exam.
However there are many other things that you should consider while preparing for IT certifications e.g. How to choose best IT certifications for you?, How to choose a proper IT certification Training Provider and what other certifications are there for non-IT people etc. This and similar other question will be answered in my other articles and I will publish them on my blog also.
Thu, 19 Nov 2009 17:38:12 +0000
Emergency medical technicians (EMTs) are frequently seen in every emergency accident areas. Primarily, they are the first one who will initiate emergency first aid treatment towards the patient. Members of EMT includes emergency medical responder (first responder), emt – basic, advanced medication technician (EMT-I85) and paramedics. Names of the EMT position may vary from state to state, however, the scope of responsibilities are generally the same.
EMT employees are working for emergency medical care units these includes police, hospital, fire and even in long term care facility departments. If you want to be part in an emergency team you must first obtain EMT certification. This certification helps you to find a good job in any emergency medical services (EMS). All emergency medical personnel follows educational training and testing process prior to their certification as required by the state law.
How will you obtain EMT certification?
First, you need to look for a colleges or vocational schools that offer an EMT training courses. Certifications for CPR, First responder, EMT – basic, EMT – I85 and paramedic are certifications that you need to obtain for you to be able to work in all EMS departments. In order to experience an extensive learning about the EMT subject areas, classroom teaching environment is much conducive for learning rather than on online EMT training courses. Usually online EMT training certification are useful for refresher training or continuing education requirements only.
Second, once you’ve decided on what school you will attend with. Requirements prior to enrollment are: you must be at least 18 years old, high school graduate or GED diploma, physically able and no criminal records. If you’ve met the requirements then you can now proceed with enrollment.
Third, all EMT certification must be followed and achieved accordingly. There are steps that you need to acquire first before you can proceed to the next level of training. This means that if you enroll on EMT training course start with the basic training course which is the first responder then to be followed by EMT – basic, next will be EMT – I85 before proceeding to paramedic training.
And lastly, once you successfully complete and pass the EMT basic certification trainings (e.g. first responder, EMT – basic and EMT – I85) then immediately you can proceed to study paramedic and the best part is you can have a bigger chance of working at any emergency medical services.
You license as a EMT employee is renewable every two – three years depending on the date you are certified. According to NREMT regulations for EMS recertification, if you complete the certification process between the date of January 1 – June 30 you will then received an expiration date of March 31 two years in the future. And if between July 1 and December 31 you will receive an expiration date of March 31 three years in the future.